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The Glorious Jagannath Rath Yatra 2022: Dates, History And Significance

The Jagannath Rath Yatra is set to be started in Puri, Odisha. On July 1, the three-kilometer yatra from the Gundicha temple will commence. This year, three enormous chariots were constructed to carry the gods through a sizable crowd of pilgrims. On July 1, the three primary idols—Jagannath, Balabhadra, and Subhadra—will make an appearance at the Rath Yatra. Read this article, to know more about the dates, history and significance of the Jagannath rath yatra.

Astro Ajay Astro Ajay Jul 04, 2022

Jagannath Rath Yatra Overview

The Jagannath Rath Yatra is a significant festival for Hindus dedicated to Lord Jagannath which is celebrated every year at the Jagannath temple, Puri. The Jagannath Rath Yatra is celebrated with zest and liveliness at Puri in Orissa.
Jagannath Rath Yatra festival is on July 1, 2022, Friday, with the Bahuda Jatra aka Ulta Ratha on July 9, 2022, Friday. It is one of the largest and the most-celebrated festivals of India, which is celebrated at the well-known Jagannatha Temple in Puri, Odisha, where many devotees come to take darshan of Lord Jagannatha. The festival date is determined according to Hindu Lunar Calendar. It generally takes place on Dwitiya Tithi during Shukla Paksha of Ashada month (June-July).

Jagannath Ratha Yatra

Jagannath Rath Yatra Dates

Rath Yatra schedule beginning on July 1

Beginning on July 1st, 2022, is Rath Yatra (The rath will begin the journey from Gundicha Temple)

July 5th, 2022 is Hera Panchami (first five days Lord resides in Gundicha temple)

On July 8, 2022, Sandhya Darshan will be held (on this day of Lord Jagannath)

9th of July 2022 is Bahuda Yatra (homecoming of Lord Jagannath, Balabhadra and sister Subhadra)

Sunabesa on July 10, 2022. (God returns to Jagannath temple)

11 July 2022, Monday – Aadhar Pana (The divine chariots are presented with a unique beverage)

On July 12, 2022, Tuesday Neeladri Bije

HISTORY OF JAGANNATH RATH YATRA

Rath Yatra is one of the most popular and long-awaited festivals of the year in Odisha, India. It means the festival (yatra) of the chariots (Rath). The observance of the Jagannath Rath Yatra dates back to the 12th century. Descriptions of the festival can be found in important Hindu texts such as Brahma Purana, Padma Purana and Skanda Purana.
Jagannath means ‘Lord of the Universe’ and is worshipped by the followers of Hinduism and Buddhism in India and Bangladesh. Jagannath is believed to be a form/avatar of Vishnu.
According to the experts and holy texts, Subhadra, the sister of Lord Jagannath, once expressed a desire to travel to Puri. Then Jagannath and Balabhadra mounted the chariot along with their beloved sister Subhadra and began to tour the city. He also spent seven days at Gundicha’s aunt’s home at this time. Since then, it has become a tradition to embark on the Jagannath Yatra. The chariot of Balabhadra is at the front, followed by that of his sister Subhadra, and the chariot of Jagannath is in the back. The Jagannath Yatra will begin on July 1 and end on July 12 this year.
The idols of Jagannath, Balabhadra, and, Subhadra are worshipped in the sanctum of the Jagannath temple, but once every year in the month of Ashadha, they are brought out to travel 3 kilometers to the Gundicha Temple, in three huge chariots, drawn by large masses. Earlier, it was common for people to throw themselves under the wheels of the chariots to attain salvation.

JAGANNATH RATH YATRA- SIGNIFICANCE

Jagannath Rath Yatra is devoted to Lord Jagannath who is one of the incarnations/avatars of Lord Vishnu. Being one of the most important pilgrimages of Hindus, the Jagannath temple has religious significance. On the occasion of Puri Rath Yatra, devotees are permitted to have a sight of the deities. The Jagannath Rath Yatra in Puri attracts tourists and pilgrims from all over the world. Among the foreign tourists, this Jagannath Rath Yatra is well known by the name Puri Car Festival. It is believed that if a person takes part with full devotion in the Jagannath Rath Yatra would be free from the cycle of birth and death. Having a mere sight/darshan of Lord Jagannath on his chariot is considered auspicious. Every year these chariots are designed with the use of a special kind of wood, according to religious specifications. The idols of the deities are also made of wood and are replaced after every 12 years. The festival of Jagannath Puri Jagannath Rath Yatra is a symbol of equality, and freedom from all forms of discrimination.
Lord Jagannath is worshipped and revered by the Tantric sect due to his icon which have geometric patterns and mandalas, which suits the Tantric concept of worship. The Shaivites and Shaktas consider him Bhairava- Lord Shiva and is supposed to be the consort of Goddess Vimala. Jagannath temple at Puri has priests from the Shakta sect too.

Jagannath Rath Yatra

PULLING THE RATH (CHARIOT) OF THE LORD

Devotees have a deep desire to help pull the deities’ chariots. They believe that pulling the chariots is one way to show their pure devotion towards the Lord who destroys their sins committed knowingly or unknowingly. Lord Jagannatha’s chariot is known as Nandighosa which is 45 feet high and 45 feet square at the wheel level.
With the 16 wheels, the chariot is decorated with a cover made of red and yellow cloth. The chariot of Lord Balarama is known as Taladhwaja 44 feet high with 14 wheels and the Palm Tree on its flag. And the chariot of Subhadra is called Dwarpadalana, 43 feet high with 12 wheels, decorated with a covering of red and black cloth.

PRAYERS AND JAPA DURING THE JAGANNATH RATH YATRA

Lord Jagannath – the divine form of Lord Vishnu.
People offer prayers and chants to the Lord by being a part of the Yatra. As a devotee, one can help in pulling the chariots. If visiting the Rath Yatra is not possible, one can simply chant on the Tulsi beads early morning and remember the Lord in their mind. Also, one can wear a 19 Mukhi Rudraksha bead which is ruled by Narayana (Vishnu) along with 7 Mukhi Rudraksha beads ruled by Goddess Lakshmi, wife of Lord Jagannatha. She visits Gundicha temple in search of Lord Jagannatha after 4 days of the Jagannath Rath Yatra. One can also wear a 10 Mukhi Rudraksha bead which is ruled by Lord Krishna (Vishnu). Remembering the Lord with these Rudraksha malas is considered auspicious and equal to praying to the Lord in temples. However, if possible one must be a part of the Jagannath Rath Yatra and seek the blessings of the Lord by helping pull the carts.

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